Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)


What is PCOS?

PCOS is stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome which is a condition in which the ovaries create an inordinate amount of androgens, male sex hormones that are normally present in tiny amounts in women. The term polycystic ovarian syndrome refers to the ovaries’ numerous tiny cysts (fluid-filled sacs).

PCOS is a complex condition with a wide range of possible symptoms and severity. Its exact cause is not well understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and various tests to rule out other conditions.



  1. Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Women with PCOS often experience irregular, infrequent, or prolonged menstrual periods.
  2. Elevated Androgen Levels: Androgens are male hormones that are also present in females. Women with PCOS may have higher levels of androgens, which can lead to symptoms like acne, hirsutism (excess hair growth), and male-pattern baldness.
  3. Ovulatory Dysfunction: Many women with PCOS have difficulty ovulating regularly, which can make it challenging to conceive.
  4. Polycystic Ovaries: The ovaries may appear enlarged and contain multiple small cysts, though the term “polycystic” can be misleading, as not all women with PCOS have cysts.
  5. Insulin Resistance: Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Some individuals with PCOS are insulin resistant, which can lead to higher insulin levels. This can contribute to weight gain and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.


Treatment of PCOS

Treatment for PCOS often focuses on managing the specific symptoms and may include lifestyle changes, such as weight management through diet and exercise, hormonal birth control to regulate menstrual cycles, and medications to address insulin resistance or lower androgen levels. In cases where fertility is a concern, assisted reproductive technologies may be considered. It’s important for individuals with PCOS to work with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan.